The Co-op City, Bronx, New York community opened in 1969 and was completed in 1971. Its 15,372 residential units, in thirty-five high rise buildings and seven clusters of townhouses, make it the largest single residential development in the United States. Co-op City, Bronx, New York also has eight parking structures, three shopping centers, an educational park (including a high school, two middle schools and three grade schools) and a firehouse. The adjacent Bay Plaza shopping area has a movie theater, department stores, and a supermarket. The apartment buildings, referred to by number, range from 24 floors to as high as 33.
The Co-op City, Bronx, New York neighborhood has it's own public safety private police force in addition to the coverage provided by the 45th Police Precinct. There are churches and houses of worship of many different faiths. In addition, there are day-care facilities, tot-lot play areas, and Little League fields within the Co-op City, Bronx, New York community. Community agencies and organizations offer special services to the children and senior residents. Subway and bus service make travel between Co-op City, Bronx, New York 10475 and Manhattan quick and convenient.
The project was sponsored and built by the United Housing Foundation, an organization established in 1951 by Abraham Kazan and the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. It was designed by cooperative architect Herman J. Jessor. The name of the complex's corporation itself was later changed to Riverbay. As a cooperative development, the tenants run the complex through an elected board. There is no pay for serving on the board.
Co-Op City is on the site of Freedomland, a former amusement park. Prior to its use as a theme park and residential apartments, a small municipal airport was established there. When traveling into the city southbound from I-95, it is one of the first sights that a traveler sees and the first vivid example of New York's urban immensity.
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